Thursday, February 4, 2016

Camera Modes

1. DSLR - Explain: Cameras that consist of the lens, reflex mirror, shutter, image sensor, matte focusing screen, condenser lens, pentaprism, eyepiece/viewfinder

2. Modes (define each and explain why/when you might use them):

  • Program mode- The camera automatically selects the shutter speed and aperture to achieve what the camera believes is the best possible exposure for the scene. You may use this when you aren’t sure which setting would be best and need guidance.

  • Auto Mode- The camera does everything automatically for you beside aiming the camera (flash, aperture, shutter speed, white balance, etc.) You may use this setting when you don’t know about camera settings and simply want all of the settings to be what the camera thinks they should be.

  • Aperture Priority Mode- Allows the photographer to set a specific aperture while the camera calculates exposure and shutter speed. You may use this when aperture is the only thing you want to adjust if all you wanted to do was change the depth of field of the photograph.

  • Shutter Priority Mode- You can control the shutter speed and the camera controls the aperture. This is very practical because you can make it very fast to freeze a moment or make it very slow to have a more blurred picture.

  • Macro Mode- The camera will either open the aperture to give the image very shallow depth of field or narrow the aperture for an opposite effect. This is often used for close-up photography.

  • Landscape Mode- This setting maximises your depth of field and may even make the colors more vibrant. This is used when you are taking pictures of landscapes. 

    Portrait Mode-  Will blur the background with a medium depth of field. Used to make the subject crisp as the focus with a blurred background.

  • Sport Mode- Makes your shutter speed very high to freeze action and usually it will disable the flash. Clearly, one may use this when they are taking “action shots”.

  • Manual mode- The photographer selects the shutter speed and aperture to achieve the desired exposure. This would likely be used when the photographer wants complete control over the settings
  • Burst- A feature where the camera takes multiple shots per second. You should use burst mode when you are taking pictures of moving things, especially for children or animals that are constantly moving.

  • Burst for iphones- Bursts for iphones should be used for the same instances as names above. On an iphone, to take a bust, you press the button that takes pictures, but instead of taking your finger off, leave it there.

3. Iso/film speed/  - Explain: ISO is the level of sensitivity of your camera to available light. When it is dark, you want a high ISO, but when it is very light outside, you want a lower ISO. If the ISO is too high, the photo gets grainy (noise).

6. White balance: Explain: Photographers adjust white balance to get the colors in your image as accurate as possible.
7. Self timer: How do you get it to work? To get your self timer to work, you yo to the Drive/self-timer more settings and pick either single shot, self timer 10 seconds, or self timer continuous.

8. Anything else that you wonder about? When should you use the flash?

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